Science of consciousness with Hakwan Lau
This episode is with Hakwan Lau, author of In Consciousness we Trust. Hakwan is a Team leader of laboratory of consciousness at Riken center for brain science, Japan. Here we talk about shortcomings in current theories about how the brain generates consciousness, neural correlates, methods to study consciousness, and Perceptual reality monitoring theory.
More about Hakwan's work: https://sites.google.com/view/rikenco...
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00:00:00 Introduction 00:00:54 Hakwan's background 00:03:08 Empirical evidence in science 00:04:03 Laboratory of consciousness 00:07:11 Are we giving too much respect to consciousness? 00:08:43 Problem of consciousness 00:12:42 Access and phenomenal consciousness 00:17:26 Local and global theories of consciousness 00:23:11 Most of the experiments for consciousness are done on vision 00:25:43 Neural correlates 00:30:21 Confounders in the experiments for perception and consciousness 00:38:45 Blindsight experiments 00:42:21 Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) 00:45:41 Importance of prefrontal cortex for subjective experience 00:47:11 Cognition and Metacognition 00:48:46 Importance of attention in the experiments 00:51:00 Perceptual Reality Monitoring theory 00:56:08 Unconscious experiences 00:59:39 Patients without prefrontal cortex 01:02:06 Consciousness is binary or gradient? 01:03:26 Evolution and consciousness 01:07:21 Consciousness at cellular level 01:10:29 Anesthetics and consciousness 01:13:35 Panpsychism 01:20:20 Changing science to focus on better questions 01:29:10 Major questions to understand consciousness 01:30:45 Thank you!